Professor Scott Woodward has developed DNA matching of parchment fragments.
The elemental composition of inks, the terra cotta, tiny soil fragments, or residues such as oxidization, and of ostraca can be determined by a scanning electron microscope, fitted with an energy dispersive X-ray microanalyser (SEM-EDS) – Mc Crone Research Institute of Chicago, and Mikrofokus Oy (Helsinki).
You may wish to save it: Click on Edit, Select All, COPY, Open a new MICROSOFT WORD file, Paste, and Save. Muslim influence is strong over large areas, and their record, in preservation and allowing study of sites and objects of importance, is far from exemplary.
Okay, and for me too I’m thinking this will help in a major way when we can’t decide what we want to do and neither of us wants to make the decision.
Hence the reason I talked about my indecisiveness up there in the beginning.
This can often determine the authenticity of objects.
The oldest of methods include the stratification of the site – the lower down the level, the further back in time it represents (all things being equal), and the typology of pottery.